Generic Green Skills

Green skills are those skills needed to reduce environmental impacts and support economic restructuring with the purpose of attaining cleaner, more climate resilient and efficient economies that preserve environmental sustainability and provide decent work conditions.

They can be classified as generic (or 'key' or 'core') competencies and specific (task-oriented) competencies that are required for particular occupations. Both types of competencies are used within specific contexts and require knowledge, skills and attitudes (or beliefs, dispositions and values).

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Generic Green Skills Specilic green skills for new occupations (New Skills) Topping up skills for greening existing occupations Generic skills within environmental context Generic technological processes Positive attitude towards sustainability; Green Mindsets
Guidelines for Teachers

Guidelines for Teachers Teaching and Learning Resources

Guidelines for teachers bring together essential information about the resources. Teachers are advised to read them before they start using the resources to gain a better understanding of student-centered learning that is an essential element of planning lessons based on the resources. The guidelines provide background information and theoretical framework about greening the TVET curriculum, and they also describe the teaching methods adopted by these resources as well as assessment methods.

In addition to the general guidelines, each teaching pack includes teacher guidelines that outline learning outcomes, preparation required, time allocation, suggested teaching strategies and sequencing of activities, assessment strategies and possible answers for assessment items.

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Green Skills for SDGs

In 2015, countries adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  On 1 January 2016 SDGs officially came into force. They call for action to promote prosperity and development while simultaneously protecting the planet. They recognize that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and address a range of social needs including education, health, social protection and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and environmental protection (see more

SDG > No Poverty
SDG > Zero Hunger
SDG > Good Health and Well being
SDG > Quality Education
SDG > Gender Equality
SDG > Clean Water and Sanitation
SDG > Affordable and Clean Energy
SDG > Decent Work and Economic Growth
SDG > Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
SDG > Reduced Inequalities
SDG > Sustainable Cities and Communities
SDG > Responsible Consumption and Production
SDG > Climate Action
SDG > Life below Water
SDG > Life on Land
SDG > Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
SDG > Partnerships for the Goals
SDG > Sustainable Development Goals
Industries > Transportation
Industries > Agri- and Aquaculture
Industries > Knowledge Sector
Industries > Public Administration
Industries > Retail
Industries > Construction
Industries > Waste Management
Industries > Hotel Industry
Industries > Manufacturing
Industries > Renewable Energy

Greening Industries

Greening industries is essential for green restructuring and sustainable development. The process involves policymaking, improved industrial production processes and resource-efficient productivity (see The minimization of raw material use, a reduction in energy and water consumption, and control over waste and emissions will result in the efficient use of natural resources and will foster cleaner production. Cleaner production accelerates the use of preventive environmental strategies involved in processes, products and services, in order to increase efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment (see ibid). Read more

Generic Green Skills for Sustainable Development

The advance of technology and industries has resulted in the modernization of societies, but it is also responsible for a wide range of environmental problems such as climatic conditions, a loss of biodiversity and worsening human health. Issues that impact the sustainability of our planet are related to environmental, economic and social aspects. The 2030 Agenda's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cover a wide range of interrelated issues, such as transitioning to low-carbon economies, increasing production and consumption in a sustainable manner, conserving biodiversity, building human resource capacity, forging strong partnerships between stakeholders and tackling regional problems collaboratively.

However, these resources are mainly focused on the environmental, eco-economic and socio-environmental aspects of sustainability. It is important to also acknowledge that economic and social dimensions are essential for achieving SDGs. Read more

Click on the Figure to learn about sustainability concepts. For the orange concepts you have an open access to resources.

Generic Green Skills for Sustainable Development Renewable energy Green Technology Closed Loop Economy Sustainable Innovation Waste Management Energy Conservation Efficiency Land Contamination Carbon cycle & climate change/global warning Biodiversity Air Quality Water resources & pollution Water Management Marine Resources Corporate Social Responsibility Social Enterprise Quality of Life and Economic Indicators Urban heating Sustainable consumption Ecological footprint Environmental justice & law Sustainable Development
About Us

About Us

The resources on this site were developed by a team led by Dr Margarita Pavlova, Director of the UNEVOC Center (Hong Kong) and funded by the President’s reserve fund at the Education University of Hong Kong (CRAC project “Creating an Impact: Setting up a Green Skills Hub at the EdUHK” - 03A68). Our dynamic and innovative team researched existing approaches towards generic green skills development in Hong Kong and the Asia-Pacific region. These findings helped us frame an effective and distinctive approach towards identifying and incorporating sustainable development concepts into teaching and learning resources that can be used by all TVET teachers, as well as TVET teacher education programs.

This website offers you a unique and creative approach for developing generic green skills within TVET programs.

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